Cavities and Tooth Decay: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The tooth decay among children is a concern to be considered seriously. The reporting cases of children being admitted to hospitals due to this are on the rise. One of the main causes for this decay is the carelessness in the certain dental hygienic practices we follow. Here we analyze what causes tooth decay and how the risk of getting affected can be lowered.


It is caused when bacteria in the mouth eat away the tooth. And when this happens it leads to a hole in the tooth called the cavity. If the dental cavity is not given proper medical care, it causes pain, infection and ultimately the tooth loss. If all the tooth layers are affected by decay, the more damage it can cause. Children are more susceptible to tooth decay since the minerals in new teeth are not strong and are easier for acids to eat away.

What causes tooth decay?
Mostly the food we eat and the bacteria cause the tooth to decay. Plaque – the sticky deposit on teeth – becomes the platform for the bacteria to proliferate. As the bacteria multiply, they produce acids which in turn attacks the teeth and destroys enamel gradually causing the tooth to decay.

What are the symptoms?
If it seems that cavities are formed or teeth are infected, it can be the start of the decay. You may have the following symptoms when it happens.
• A toothache
• Swelling gums
• Bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth.
• White, gray, brown, or black spots on your teeth.

How can you avoid tooth decay?
It is better always to take care of your teeth with the following practices:
• Take good care of your teeth. Brush your teeth twice a day, in the morning and before bedtime. Use fluoride toothpaste. Floss once a day.
• See your dentist for checkups once or twice a year so problems can be found before they’re serious.
• Don’t snack before bedtime. Food left on the teeth overnight is more likely to cause cavities.
• Avoid foods that have a lot of sugar, especially sugar-coated cereals, desserts, and sticky foods like taffy and raisins.

How is it treated?
The treatment depends on the severity of the condition. If the decay is identified earlier, i.e. before the cavity forms, you may prevent it by brushing with fluoride toothpaste or getting fluoride treatments. Seeing your dentist on a regular basis will prevent you from getting caught with the tooth decay. If it permeates to the enamel, the following treatments may be required to correct the issue.
• Dental filling: if a cavity is formed the dentist uses a filling material to restore the shape and function of your teeth.
• Dental Crown: if the damage is severely affected by decay, a crown, or cap will be used as a replacement for part of a tooth.
• Root canal treatment: This treatment is needed when the pulp of teeth is infected.
• Teeth extraction: if the tooth is severely damaged, it will be replaced with a dental implant or bridge.

Lakewood Dental Smile in Dearborn, Michigan holds a prominent position that provides class dental treatment to their patients. If you or your child is affected with tooth decay, you can consult with this dental clinic.

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