Know about gum disease and the treatment options
Gum disease, otherwise known as gingivitis is inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth. This is mainly caused as a result of poor dental hygiene. Gum disease is a very ordinary condition and it differs in the severity. It is identified by red, swollen gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss.
What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontal disease?
While gingivitis is inflammation of the gums, periodontal disease occurs when the bone below the gums gets inflamed or infected. When food debris mixes with saliva, it causes the bacteria-forming plaque to stick on the surfaces of teeth. If these dental plaques are not able to be removed by brushing or flossing, it forms tartar. Tartar can be removed with professional cleaning only.
The dental plaque which contains bacteria will irritate the gums and cause gingivitis if they are not removed from teeth properly. If left untreated, gingivitis will often extend from the gums to the bone and lead to periodontitis. When the bone gets infected, it will start to move away from the teeth and form deep gum pockets. These pockets gather plaque and bacteria and as they are difficult to keep it clean, it results in more bone loss. As periodontal disease advances to next stages, more bone tissues will be lost leading to the fall out of teeth.
What causes gum disease?
Gum disease is mostly caused by improper oral hygiene. But there are other factors that increase the risk of developing gingivitis. Some of the most common risk factors are as follows:
- Smoking or chewing tobacco prevents the gum tissue from being healed.
- Crooked or rotated teeth create more areas for plaque and calculus to accumulate
- Alcohol affects oral defense mechanisms.
- Stress impairs the body’s immune response to bacterial invasion.
- Infrequent or no dental care
- Poor saliva production
What are gum disease symptoms and signs?
A person with gingivitis will usually have one or more of the following signs and symptoms:
- Bright red, swollen gums that bleed very easily (even during brushing or flossing)
- A bad taste or mouth odor
- White spots or plaques on the gums
- Pus between gums or teeth
Diagnosing gum disease
The diagnosis starts from how depth the pockets are formed all around the teeth. Healthy gums will have the pocket 1 mm to 3 mm deep. Deeper the pockets, the more severe the disease is. Dentists perform following tests to diagnose the gum issue.
Dental X-rays: Taking X-rays will help identify how the underlying bone has been affected
Examining sensitive teeth: Teeth that have become sensitive around the gum line may indicate areas of receding gums.
Checking the gums: A dentist or hygienist will look for red, swollen, or bleeding gums.
Gum disease treatment with Lakewood Dental Smile Dearborn, Michigan.
The treatment focuses to eliminate the factors that are making the person more prone to gum disease. Most of the factors can be eliminated through proper oral hygiene or through professional dental cleanings. There are some critical factors contributing to the gum disease that need to be addressed such as uncontrolled diabetes and smoking. After diagnosing properly, the dentist will decide on the type of treatment to be applied. Lakewood Dental Smile offers the best treatment to patients who are suffering from the Gum disease. Depending on the severity of the issues they advise suitable treatment option that is acceptable to them.